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Publication / Resources



Shaping the Education of Tomorrow:
2012 Full-length Report on the UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development




"ESD in a developing nation": Kartikeya V. Sarabhai




For more click UNESCO Bangkok

Education for Sustainable Development: Linking Learning and Happiness
Published by UNESCO Bangkok, 2007

UNESCO and Sustainable Development
A 42-page booklet explaining UNESCO's involvement and the role of all its sectors: Education, Natural and Social Sciences, Culture and Communication in the UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development for which UNESCO has been designated as the lead agency. It also contains a list of UN Decades, reference documents and

UNESCO standard setting instruments. Available in English and French.
For copies contact:
Education for Sustainable Development (ED/PEQ/ESD) – UNESCO,
7 Place de Fontenoy,
75352 Paris 07 SP, France.

Web Link:

Center for a Sustainable Future
Various resources from the Center for a Sustainable Future, a division of The Concord Consortium.

Publications on sustainable development by UNEP and other key international organizations.

The Energy for Sustainable Development Library
A broad collection of publications from UNDP and other organizations hosted by the Energy for Sustainable Development Library.

Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development
A collection of reports on energy for sustainable development from GNESD, a UNEP facilitated knowledge network of developing world Centres of Excellence and network partners.

Paryavaran Edutech
Environmental Education Publications and Products from Centre for Environment Education, India.

Sustainable Development Timeline
Beginning with the publication of "Silent Spring", the timeline highlights major events in sustainable development over the decades till 2005. The timeline has been prepared by the International Institute for Sustainable Development as part of the Sustainable Development Communications Network.

Sustainable Development Unit, UK
Publications produced by the UK Government’s Sustainable Development Unit.

United Nations Division for Sustainable Development
A listing of publications, periodicals, newsletters and other resource materials by the United Nations Division for Sustainable Development.

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Publications and other educational materials on sustainable development hosted by UNESCO.

United Nations Environment Programme, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
A list of publications contributed to the World Summit on Sustainable Development by UNEP DTIE.

United Nations University
ESD publications from the United Nations University.

United States Government's Sustainable Development Partnerships
Publications from the U.S. Government’s Sustainable Development Partnerships website.

Worldchanging: A Users Guide for the 21st Century
A compendium of the most innovative solutions, ideas and inventions emerging today for building a sustainable, livable, prosperous future.

World Conservation Union
ESD Resources from the World Conservation Union.


Communication Materials

DD: The DESD Mascot
Variations of the DESD mascot developed by the Center for Environment Education.

Intended to promote awareness and activities pertaining to the UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development.


Tool Kits

Education for Sustainable Development Innovations Course Toolkit
United Nations Environment Programme; 2006
Education for Sustainable Development Innovations - Programmes for Universities in Africa. Share-Net, Howick

Education for Sustainable Development Toolkit
An easy-to-use manual for individuals and organizations from both the education and community sectors developed by Rosalyn McKeown with assistance from Charles Hopkins, Regina Rizzi, and Marrianne Chrystalbridge. This resource addresses the potentially powerful alliance of school systems and communities working together to reach local sustainability goals. Together they can reorient existing curriculums to create locally relevant and culturally appropriate education. This Toolkit would help Ministries of education, non-profit organizations, school system, communities, and other organizations prepare for the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development.

YouthXchange Guide Book
YouthXchange, composing of a website and a guide book, is a training kit on sustainable consumption designed for youth. Chosen as an educational tool on sustainable consumption for the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development, the kit incorporates the relationship between economies, environmental fairness, and social justice so as to encourage youth, particularly those in affluent societies, to share responsibility for their society and participate in the creation of a better future. The guide book has been prepared by the Media, Ecology and Technology Association; UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics; and UNESCO Division for the Promotion of Quality Education, in collaboration with Consumers International.


Case- Studies

ESD Case Studies from India
Environmental Education in Schools – a way of progressing ESD in India by re-orienting existing programmes      
The efforts to environmentalize teaching - learning in schools started way back in the 1960’s and environmental concerns started to be reflected in curricula and text-books. The documents ‘Curriculum for the Ten-year School: An approach paper’ (1975) and ‘Curriculum for the Ten-year School: A framework’ (1975) both underlined the need for Environmental Education (EE) which would cut across the entire gamut of school education, through the relevant subject disciplines. The National Policy of Education, 1986 identifies ‘Protection of the Environment’ as a value which must form an integral part of curricula at all stages of education. The policy states
“There is a paramount need to create a consciousness of the Environment. It must permeate all ages and all sections of society, beginning with the child. Environmental consciousness should inform teaching in schools and colleges. This aspect will be integrated in the entire educational process.”

The National Council of Educational Training and Research (NCERT) in India, has, in the last two decades, not only developed textbooks and teacher guides incorporating environmental concerns, but also prepared guidelines for preparation of textbooks.        

The Honourable Supreme Court of India in 1991 made environment education compulsory at all levels of education. A curriculum framework prepared by the NCERT has been accepted by the Court as the guideline for State Education Departments to develop textbooks for schools from 2004 – 05 onward. While efforts at integrating environmental concepts into curricula have been going on since over 15 years, the judicial interest in the issue has given it impetus. NGO networks, including Centre for Environment Education (CEE), in partnership with the Departments of Education and academic institutions, carry out teacher training in EE. In-service and pre-service opportunities for incorporating EE are offered through EE courses and project work. However, rigid and overloaded curricula, time constraints and a conventional approach to teaching still pose a challenge to the integration of EE in formal education. Systemic changes and ongoing capacity-building will be required to address the issue. Distance education may be explored as an option for ESD.          

Non-formal education within the school framework has been an innovative experience. The National Green Corps programme of the Ministry of Environment and Forests set up 150 eco- clubs in every district of every state of India, working through a network of NGOs, government departments and schools. The World Wildlife Fund and many other NGOs provide learning opportunities through nature camping. These experiences are catalysts for imparting awareness, knowledge, attitudes and skills among children and youth. The long- standing involvement of NGOs in EE has resulted in the development of large amounts of relevant educational material. Non- formal education, though, is often not prioritized in education systems and many teachers lack the skills and training necessary to provide effective EE experiences.

The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Government of India interacts actively with the NCERT, University Grants Commission (UGC), and the Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD), for introducing and expanding environmental concepts and issues in the curricula of schools and colleges. MoEF’s Centres of Excellence – Centre for Environment Education and CPR-Environment Education Centre are also working extensively with the formal system of education.           

EESS - The Government of India had undertaken the Environmental Management Capacity Building Project with assistance from the International Development Association (IDA). One of the sub-components under this initiative focuses on EE in the School System. This includes a systematic study of the status of EE in the school curriculum and pilot implementation for effective EE in schools in one state.       

The Environmental Orientation to School Education (EOSE) scheme supported by the MHRD aims to promote experimentation and innovation and locale specificity in EE in the School System. 

Strengthening Environmental Education in School System (StrEESS) is a project initiated by the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the Government of India in partnership with the State Education Departments and the Centre for Environment Education. One thrust of this initiative is to put these processes in the context of ‘Education for Sustainable Development’ which is the focus for the Decade. This initiative involves development of textbooks in compliance with the NCERT Syllabus which follows the Supreme Court direction of making EE compulsory; orient text-book writers for the same; facilitate training and development of resource material for training and classroom.

Education for Sustainable Development – Guidelines for Action in Botanic Gardens
Botanic Garden Conservation International has published Guidelines on Education for Sustainable Development. Suitable for those working in botanic gardens and other site-based education centres, it features tips and case studies from botanic gardens around the world.


Conference Paper

Reorienting Education to Address Sustainability
1 – 3 May 2006; Kanchanaburi, Thailand
Papers presented by participants at the UNESCO Expert Meeting on ESD: "Reorienting Education to Address Sustainability".

Education for a Sustainable Future
18 – 20 January 2005; Ahmedabad, India
Papers submitted at the First International Conference of the Decade ‘Education for a Sustainable Future’ organized by Centre for Environment Education, India.


Speeches and Presentations

Educate the Educators ESD Innovation Course
4 – 9 May 2006; UNEP/SADC – REEP
Presentations made during the First Education for Sustainable Development Innovations Course for universities in Africa.

Reorienting Education to Address Sustainability
1 – 3 May 2006; Kanchanaburi, Thailand
Presentations of participants at the UNESCO Expert Meeting on ESD: "Reorienting Education to Address Sustainability".

DESD – Taking it Forward Together
21 – 25 February 2005; Nairobi, Kenya
Talk delivered by Mr. Kartikeya V. Sarabhai, Director, Centre for Environment Education at the twenty-third session of the UNEP Governing Council/ Global Ministerial Forum.

It is not just “Development” that needs to be redefined
18 – 20 January 2005; Ahmedabad, India
Talk by Mr. Kartikeya V. Sarabhai, Director, Centre for Environment Education, India at the International Conference ‘Education for a Sustainable Future’.